Meta-Analisis Pengaruh Model Problem-Based Learning Terhadap Kemampuan Matematika Siswa

  • Samritin Samritin Universitas Muhammadiyah Buton
Keywords: PBL, matematika, kemampuan, siswa

Abstract

Seiring dengan berubahnya paradigma pembelajaran dari teacher-oriented menjadi student-oriented, Problem-Based Learning dirasa cocok digunakan dalam pembelajaran matematika. Kajian terhadap implementasinya juga telah banyak dilakukan dan secara umum dilaporkan efektif. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menguji secara simultan pengaruh penerapan PBL dalam pembelajaran matematika di sekolah. Untuk mencapai tujuan tersebut, penelitian ini dilakukan menggunakan metode meta-analisis yang melibatkan 20 studi primer di sekolah dasar hingga sekolah menengah atas dari empat negara. Pengumpulan data dalam penelitian ini menggunakan pencarian Google Scholar dengan bantuan aplikasi Publish or Perish 8. Data dianalisis secara inferensial menggunakan aplikasi JASP 0.16.2.0. Hasil analisis data menunjukkan bahwa penerapan model PBL efektif dalam mencapai hasil belajar matematika (g=2,084; nilai p <0,01). Berdasarkan hasil analisis data variabel moderator ditemukan bahwa tidak terdapat perbedaan efektivitas antar jenjang pendidikan (Qb=203.324; nilai p=7.06>0.05), dalam dan luar negeri (Qb=128.711; nilai p=7.84>0.05), maupun studi antar rentang waktu (Qb=1.822; nilai p=0.18>0.05). Hasil penelitian ini menemukan konsistensi dampak penerapan model PBL terhadap pencapaian kemampuan matematika pada tingkat SD, SMP, dan SMA/SMK. Temuan penelitian ini berimplikasi pada peningkatan pengetahuan dan penerapan model Problem-Based Learning di kelas.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Amin, A. K., Degeng, N. S., Setyosari, P., & Djatmika, E. T. (2021). The Effectiveness of Mobile Blended Problem Based Learning on Mathematical Problem Solving. International Journal of Interactive Mobile Technologies, 15(1), 119–141. https://doi.org/10.3991/IJIM.V15I01.17437

Anam, K., Sudarwo, R., & Wiradharma, G. (2020). Application of the Problem Based Learning Model to Communication Skills and Mathematical Problem Solving Skills in Junior High School Students. JTAM (Jurnal Teori Dan Aplikasi Matematika), 4(2), 155. https://doi.org/10.31764/jtam.v4i2.2553

Arifin, S., Setyosari, P., Sa’dijah, C., & Kuswandi, D. (2020). The effect of problem-based learning by cognitive style on critical thinking skills and students’ retention. Journal of Technology and Science Education, 10(2), 271–281. https://doi.org/10.3926/JOTSE.790

Batubara, I. H., Saragih, S., Simamora, E., Napitupulu, E. E., & Sari, I. P. (2022). Analysis of Student’s Mathematical Communication Skills through Problem Based Learning Models Assisted by Augmented Reality. Budapest International Research and Critics Institute-Journal (BIRCI-Journal), 5(1), 1024–1037. https://doi.org/10.33258/birci.v5i1.3704

Djampang, S., Ilyas, M., & Basir, F. (2019). Efektivitas model Problem-based learning dengan pendekatan open ended untuk meningkatkan hasil belajar matematika siswa kelas VII SMPN 3 Bajo.

Fadillah, S., Amin Fauzi, K. M., & Yus, A. (2020). The Effect of Problem Based Learning
Model on Students Mathematic Representation Ability and Student Adversity Quotient at SD Islam Setia Nurul Azmi Medan. Budapest International Research and Critics in Linguistics and Education (BirLE) Journal, 3(3), 1456–1467. https://doi.org/10.33258/birle.v3i3.1214

Handika, I., & Wangid, M. N. (2013). Pengaruh Pembelajaran Berbasis Masalah Terhadap Penguasaan Konsep Dan Keterampilan Proses Sains Siswa Kelas V the Effect of Problem-Based Teaching on the Concept Mastery of Science and Science Process Skills of Grade V. Jurnal Prima Edukasia, 1(2), 85–93.

Happy, N., & Widjajanti, D. B. (2014). Keefektifan PBL ditinjau dari kemampuan berpikir kritis dan kreatif matematis, serta self-esteem siswa SMP. Jurnal Riset Pendidikan Matematika, 1(1), 48–57. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.21831/jrpm.v1i1.2663

Hendriana, H., Johanto, T., & Sumarmo, U. (2018). The role of problem-based lerning to improve students’ mathematical problem-solving ability and self confidence. Journal on Mathematics Education, 9(2), 291–300.

Julyanasari, N., Praja, E. S., & Noto, M. V. (2019). Problem based learning model on the ability of student mathematical connections. In PRISMA (Vol. 167, Issue 2). https://jurnal.unsur.ac.id/prisma

Kadir, Z. A., Abdullah, N. H., Anthony, E., & Salleh, B. & Kamarulzaman, R. (2016). Does Problem-Based Learning Improve Problem Solving Skills?—A Study among Business Undergraduates at Malaysian Premier Technical University. International Education Studies, 9(5), 166. https://doi.org/10.5539/ies.v9n5p166

Kodariyati, L., & Astuti, B. (2016). Pengaruh Model Pbl Terhadap Kemampuan Komunikasi dan Pemecahan Masalah Matematika Siswa Kelas V SD. 4(1), 93–106. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.21831/jpe.v4i1.7713

Lazić, B. D., Knežević, J. B., & Maričić, S. M. (2021). The influence of project-based learning on student achievement in elementary mathematics education. South African Journal of Education, 41(3). https://doi.org/10.15700/saje.v41n3a1909

Li, H.-C., & Tsai, T.-L. (2022). The effects of a problem-based learning intervention on primary students’ performance on greatest common factor and least common multiple and on their attitudes towards mathematics. In Int. J. Innovation and Learning (Vol. 31, Issue 1).

Mezak, J., & Papak, P. P. (2019). Problem Based Learning for Primary School Junior Grade Students Using Digital Tools. MIPRO, May 2019, 697–702.

Muharomah, N. N., Setiawan, D. E., Raya, J. P., Cianjur, K., & Barat, J. (2020). Penerapan Model Pembelajaran Problem Based Learning untuk Meningkatkan Kemampuan Literasi Matematis Siswa SMP. In UNION: Jurnal Pendidikan Matematika (Vol. 8).

Nugraha, T. (2021). Heterogeneity of Indonesian primary school students’ mathematical critical thinking skills through problem-based learning: A meta-analysis. In Jurnal Pendidikan Matematika (Vol. 12, Issue 2). http://ejournal.radenintan.ac.id/index.php/al-jabar/index315

Ojaleye, O., & Awofala, A. O. A. (2018). Blended Learning and Problem-Based Learning Instructional Strategies as Determinants of Senior Secondary School Students’ Achievement in Algebra. International Journal of Research in Education and Science (IJRES), 4(2), 486–501. https://doi.org/10.21890/ijres

Rahmawati, D. U., Wilujeng, I., Jumadi, J., Kuswanto, H., Sulaeman, N. F., & Astuti, D. P. (2020). Problem Based Learning E-Handout: Improving Students’ Mathematical Representation and Self Efficacy. Jurnal Ilmiah Pendidikan Fisika Al-Biruni, 9(1), 41–50. https://doi.org/10.24042/jipfalbiruni.v9i1.4607

Retnawati, H., Apino, E., Kartianom, et al. (2018). Pengantar Analisis Meta. Yogyakarta: Parama Publishing.

Rosenthal, R. (1979). File drawer problem and tolerance for null results. Psychological
Bulletin, 86, 638–641.

Selcuk, G.S. Caliskan, S. & Sahin, M. (2013). A Comparison of Achievement in Problem-Based-Strategic and Traditional Learning Classes in Physics. Nternational Journal on New Trends in Education and Their Implications, 4(1).

Suarniati, N. W., Wayan Ardhana, I., Hidayah, N., & Handarini, D. M. (2019). The
Difference between the effects of problem-based learning strategy and conventional strategy on vocational school students’ critical thinking skills in civic education. International Journal of Learning, Teaching and Educational Research, 18(8), 155–167. https://doi.org/10.26803/ijlter.18.8.10

Suparman, S., Juandi, D., & Tamur, M. (2021). Does Problem-Based Learning Enhance Students’ Higher Order Thinking Skills in Mathematics Learning? A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. ACM International Conference Proceeding Series, 44–51. https://doi.org/10.1145/3451400.3451408

Suparman, S., Tamur, M., Yunita, Y., Wijaya, T. T., & Syaharuddin, S. (2021). Using Problem-Based Learning to Enhance Mathematical Abilities of Primary School Students: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. JTAM (Jurnal Teori Dan Aplikasi Matematika), 5(1), 144. https://doi.org/10.31764/jtam.v5i1.3806

Tanjung, D. F., Syahputra, E., & Irvan, I. (2020). Problem Based Learning, Discovery Learning, and Open Ended Models: An experiment On Mathematical Problem Solving Ability. JTAM | Jurnal Teori Dan Aplikasi Matematika, 4(1), 9. https://doi.org/10.31764/jtam.v4i1.1736

Triana, R., & Azis, Z. (2020). The Effect of the Application of Discovery Learning and Problem Based Learning Model on Metacognitive Ability and Students’ Mathematical Connections. In IJEMS: Indonesian Journal of Education and Mathematical Science: Vol. x (Issue 1).
Published
2023-12-25
How to Cite
Samritin, S. (2023). Meta-Analisis Pengaruh Model Problem-Based Learning Terhadap Kemampuan Matematika Siswa. Jurnal Cendekia : Jurnal Pendidikan Matematika, 8(1), 97-108. https://doi.org/10.31004/cendekia.v8i1.2929
Share |